Do I Have a Rotator Cuff Tear? Understanding the Signs and Symptoms

Shoulder pain can be a frustrating and debilitating issue, and one common cause is a rotator cuff tear. The rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons that play a vital role in stabilizing and moving the shoulder joint. The structure allows the arm to rotate in the joint so you can throw a ball, pick an apple, or give someone a high five.

Rotator cuff injuries are sometimes associated with age. Individuals over 40, especially athletes and those who regularly do work and heavy lifting overhead, may have limited blood supply to their shoulder or develop bone spurs that rub and weaken the rotator cuff.

In this article, we will explore the signs and symptoms of a rotator cuff tear to help you understand whether you might be dealing with this condition.

Signs and Symptoms:

  1. Shoulder Pain: The most common symptom of a rotator cuff tear is persistent pain and soreness over the outside of your shoulder and upper arm. This pain may be sharp, aching, or throbbing and can worsen with specific movements, such as lifting your arm, twisting motions, or reaching overhead.
  2. Weakness: A noticeable weakness in the affected arm, especially when lifting or holding objects, is a common indicator of a rotator cuff tear. Overall strength in the arm has decreased. You might struggle to perform daily activities that require shoulder strength. Weakness is especially noticeable when lifting your arms above your head or performing overhead activities.
  3. Limited Range of Motion: Individuals with a rotator cuff tear may experience a reduced range of motion in the shoulder. This can make it challenging to raise your arm or reach behind your back.
  4. Pain at Night: Rotator cuff tear pain often intensifies at night, making it difficult to sleep on the affected side.
  5. Cracking or Popping Sensation: Some people report hearing or feeling a cracking or popping sensation in the shoulder when they move it.
  6. Radiating Pain: In some cases, the pain from a rotator cuff tear can radiate down the arm. This may be confused with other conditions like nerve compression.
  7. Difficulty With Everyday Activities: You may find it hard to perform everyday tasks like combing your hair, getting dressed, or reaching for objects in high places.


If you are experiencing these symptoms and suspect a rotator cuff tear, it's crucial to consult a healthcare professional. A doctor will typically perform a physical examination, assess your medical history, and may order imaging tests, such as an X-ray and an MRI, to evaluate and confirm the diagnosis.


The treatment for a rotator cuff tear depends on its size, location, and acuity as well as the patient's age, activity level, overall health, and expectations. Options can include:

  1. Conservative Management: Physical therapy and pain management may help improve pain, range of motion, strength and overall function.
  2. Rest and Activity Modification: Resting the shoulder and avoiding activities that worsen symptoms is often a part of the treatment plan.
  3. Injections: Various injections, including steroid injections, can be considered to decrease inflammation, promote healing, and allow for improved response and compliance with physical therapy shoulder blade stabilization and rotator cuff strengthening exercise programs.
  4. Surgery: For more acute tears or tears refractory to conservative management, surgical repair may be necessary to reattach the torn tendon to the bone. In the setting of irreparable tears, alternative surgical options, such as tendon transfers, superior capsular reconstruction, balloon arthroplasty, and reverse total shoulder replacement, may be considered.


If you suspect you have a rotator cuff tear based on the symptoms mentioned, seeking medical advice is crucial. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment can help you regain shoulder function and alleviate pain. Always consult a healthcare professional for evaluation and management recommendations to develop a treatment plan tailored to your specific condition and lifestyle.

If you or a loved one is experiencing any of the symptoms mentioned above, call (214) 720-9338 to request an appointment or consultation with my team and I at Carrell Clinic.

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